Regularization of Stay
Failed asylum seekers or refugees whose status has been withdrawn may apply to regularize their stay in South Africa. Section 32(1) of the Immigration Act provides that any illegal foreigner shall depart unless authorized by the Director-General to remain in the Republic pending his or her application for a “status”. Section 31(2)(b) of the Immigration Act read that, upon application, the Minister may grant a foreigner the rights of permanent residence for a specified or unspecified period when special circumstances exist which would justify such a decision.
A foreigner, who has lost his status under the Refugees Act, can thus expressly be authorised to remain in the country in terms of the Immigration Act pending the outcome of an application he might wish to lodge for a visa [Ahmed v DHA, par 50].
The provisions of the Immigration Act, including section 32, are applicable to failed asylum seekers and ex-refugees, who may be granted permission by the Director-General to remain in the Republic pending their application for a status under and in terms of the Immigration Act, be it temporary or permanent [Idem, par 51].
When deciding on an application based on section 32(2)(b) of the Immigration Act, the Minister must demonstrate that the decision was taken after taking into account “all” relevant factors, and not only one of them [Tima v. DHA, par. 23].